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Literacy in health and self-care in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Moura, Nádya Dos Santos; Lopes, Bárbara Brandão; Teixeira, João Joadson Duarte; Oriá, Mônica Oliveira Batista; Vieira, Neiva Francenely Cunha; Guedes, Maria Vilani Cavalcante.
Rev Bras Enferm; 72(3): 700-706, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | Jul 2019 | ID: mdl-31269135
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of educational intervention in the adherence to self-care activities and functional health literacy and numeracy in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted in two units of the Brazilian Family Health Strategy, involving people with diabetes. Educational interventions occurred in three meetings, weekly, lasting 60 minutes on average. Data were collected using the Questionário de Autocuidado com o Diabetes, before and after the interventions. RESULTS: 55 people participated in the study. After the interventions, the greatest difference for a better adherence to self-care was the item "inspecting the inside of the shoes before putting them on", with 3.29 days in the week delta at analytical level. The worst was "taking insulin shots as recommended", with 0.00 days a week delta at basic level. CONCLUSION: Educational interventions had a positive effect on adherence to self-care and functional literacy in health.