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United States Life Tables, 2016.

Arias, Elizabeth; Xu, Jiaquan; Kochanek, Kenneth D.
Natl Vital Stat Rep; 68(4): 1-66, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Maio 2019 | ID: mdl-31112121
Resumo: Objectives-This report presents complete period life tables for the United States by race, Hispanic origin, and sex, based on age-specific death rates in 2016. Methods-Data used to prepare the 2016 life tables are 2016 final mortality statistics; July 1, 2016 population estimates based on the 2010 decennial census; and 2016 Medicare data for persons aged 66-99. The methodology used to estimate the life tables for the Hispanic population remains unchanged from that developed for the publication of life tables by Hispanic origin for data year 2006. The methodology used to estimate the 2016 life tables for all other groups was first implemented with data year 2008. Results-In 2016, the overall expectation of life at birth was 78.7 years, unchanged from 2015. Between 2015 and 2016, life expectancy at birth decreased by 0.1 year for males (76.3 to 76.2) and did not change for females (81.1). Life expectancy at birth did not change for the white population (78.9) between 2015 and 2016. Life expectancy at birth decreased by 0.2 year for the black population (75.5 to 75.3) and for the non-Hispanic black population (75.1 to 74.9). Life expectancy at birth decreased by 0.1 year for the non-Hispanic white population (78.7 to 78.6) and for the Hispanic population (81.9 to 81.8).