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Conceptual model of managing health care volunteers in disasters: a mixed method study.

Salmani, Ibrahim; Seyedin, Hesam; Ardalan, Ali; Farajkhoda, Tahmineh.
BMC Health Serv Res; 19(1): 241, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Abr 2019 | ID: mdl-31014334
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Shortage of specialized healthcare volunteers is a major challenge during disasters and one solution could be pre-identified healthcare volunteers. This study aimed to develop a conceptual model of managing Iranian healthcare volunteers in disasters. METHODS: This mixed method study was designed in two phases. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with 22 health professionals and key informant. The interviews were analyzed by framework analysis. In the second phase, concepts derived from the first step were evaluated in a two round Delphi study by an expert panel comprised of 42 experts. RESULTS: Two themes and eight subthemes were identified based on the results of the first phase. The theme of background requirements included three sub-themes of laws and regulations, NGOs and socio-cultural factors. The second theme was called operational requirements which included six subthemes of preparedness, response, retention, relocation, terminating and follow-up. According to the results of the Delphi study, all of the concepts were confirmed. CONCLUSION: In addition to the need for supportive legal framework and building the culture of volunteering, it seems it is crucial to identify and prepare the health care volunteers in the preparedness phase and assign them appropriately in the response phase. Furthermore, the necessary measures should be prioritized to enhance volunteers' retention rate and motivation. Plans should also be implemented for volunteers' termination and volunteers' physical and mental health follow up after their mission.