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[Single Pill Indapamide and Perindopril Arginine Combination: Optimal Coupling of Vascular Protection and Hemodynamic Risk Factors Reduction in Patients with Essential Arterial Hypertension].

Borisova, E V; Kochetkov, A I; Ostroumova, O D.
Kardiologiia; 59(3): 18-26, 2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | Abr 2019 | ID: mdl-30990137
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: to investigate the impact of indapamide / perindopril single-pill combination (I / P SPC) on arterial stiffness parameters, blood pressure (BP) level and BP variability (BPV) in middle-aged patients with stage II grade 1-2 essential arterial hypertension (EAH). Materials and methods. We retrospectively formed a group of patients with stage II grade 1-2 EAH who had not previously received regular antihypertensive therapy (AHT) (n=52, mean age 52.9±6.0 years). All patients were treated with I / P SPC and all of them achieved target office BP level (less than 140 / 90 mm Hg). After 12 weeks of follow-up (from the time of reaching the target BP) assessment of AHT effectiveness (general clinical data, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [ABPM], volume sphygmography, echocardiography), and vascular stiffness evaluation were performed. RESULTS: At the end of follow-up office systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), pulse BP, day-time, night-time and 24­hour SBP and DBP significantly (p<0.001 for all) decreased. According to the ABPM data day-time, nighttime, and 24­hour systolic BPV significantly decreased (p=0.029, p=0.006 and p<0.001, respectively); day-time and 24­hour diastolic BPV also significantly decreased (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Day-night standard deviation (SDdn) significantly decreased too (p=0.002 and p<0.001, respectively). Volumetric sphygmography showed significant decrease of right cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) (from 8.20±1.29 to 7.58±1.44, p=0.001) and of left CAVI (from 8.13±1.40 to 7.46±1.43, p<0.001), as well as reduction of the number o f patients with a right- and / or left-CAVI >9.0 (from 32.7 to 11.5 %, p=0.018). According to assessment of arterial stiffness using the Vasotens24 software package, the arterial stiffness index (ASI) significantly (p<0.001) decreased from 153.5±29.9 to 138.3±20.0 (by -9.2±13.1 %). Transthoracic echocardiography data demonstrated significant decrease (p<0.001) in effective arterial elastance (from 1.82±0.43 to 1.58±0.36 mm Hg; by -11.85±16.29 %) and significant (p<0.001) increase in the arterial compliance - from 1.27±0.34 to 1.54±0.38 mm Hg / ml (+26.95±38.06 %). CONCLUSION: In AHT naive patients 40-65 years old with stage II grade 1-2 EAH therapy with I / P SPC provided effective 24­hour BP control, reduced BPV and improved arterial stiffness parameters.