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Outcomes in adults with cerebral palsy: systematic review using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.

Benner, Joyce L; Noten, Suzie; Limsakul, Chonnanid; Van Der Slot, Wilma M A; Stam, Henk J; Selb, Melissa; Van Den Berg-Emons, Rita J G; Roebroeck, Marij E.
Dev Med Child Neurol; 61(10): 1153-1161, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Abr 2019 | ID: mdl-30985004
Resumo: AIM: In the context of the development of an International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for adults with cerebral palsy (CP), this systematic review sought to identify the outcome measures used in studies on adults with CP, to examine their content using the ICF as a reference, and to demonstrate the most studied areas in this population. METHOD: Embase, MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Google Scholar were searched for studies on adults with CP published between 2000 and 2017. Meaningful concepts of commonly used outcome measures were linked to the ICF, and frequencies of resultant ICF categories were explored. RESULTS: In 274 included articles, 332 outcome measures were identified of which 155 were commonly used. In total, 4409 meaningful concepts were linked to the ICF. The component 'Activities and participation' included the most frequent categories, followed by 'Body functions'. The most frequent categories were b280 'Sensation of pain' (37.6%), d450 'Walking' (33.3%), and d850 'Remunerative employment' (27.5%). INTERPRETATION: The broad range of ICF categories identified in this systematic review emphasizes the heterogeneity of functioning and disability in adults with CP. The current results specifically reflect the researchers' perspective and will serve as candidate categories to consider in the development of an ICF Core Set for adults with CP. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Outcomes studied in adults with cerebral palsy are captured in varying International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) categories. Activities and participation were studied more frequently than body functions and structures. Mobility, employment, and self-care were most frequent within ICF's 'Activities and participation' component. Pain and neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions were most frequent within 'Body functions'.