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The effectiveness of combination antihypertensive therapy in patients with arterial hypertension and additional risk factors: obesity and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Elfimova, E M; Litvin, A Yu; Chazova, I E.
Ter Arkh; 90(12): 28-33, 2018 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | 2018 | ID: mdl-30701830
Resumo: AIM: To study the effectiveness of a fixed combination of perindopril and amlodipine, with the subsequent addition of indapamide-retard in male patients with arterial hypertension (AH), obesity and severe sleep apnea (OSAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 43 male patients in whom antihypertensive therapy titration was performed to achieve target blood pressure values with a fixed combination of calcium antagonist amlodipine (10 mg) and an angiotensin-converting inhibitor perindopril (5-10 mg) and indapamide-retard. At baseline and after 4-6 weeks, the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy was monitored according to clinical measurements and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). An assessment of the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), aortic PWV (aoPWV), and ankle-brachial PWV (abPWV) was performed. RESULTS: Target blood pressure values (according to clinical blood pressure, 24-hour blood pressure monitoring) during therapy with amlodipine 10 mg and perindopril 10 mg reached 65% of patients and another 30% reached target blood pressure when adding indapamide-retard 1.5 mg, that is - 95% of all patients included in the study. Upon reaching the target blood pressure values, a significant decrease in cfPWV, aoPWV and abPWV was observed. CONCLUSION: The fixed combination of perindopril arginine and amplodipine, with the addition of indapamide retard in male patients with hypertension 1st degree in the presence of obesity and severe OSAS allows to reach effective control of blood pressure and improve the elastic properties of large arteries, which can lead to a favorable organoprotective effect in this category of patients.