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Atenção Primária à Saúde

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[PROBLEMS OF IMPROVING ANTENATAL MONITORING OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN GEORGIA].

Jincharadze, N; Kazakhashvili, N; Sakvarelidze, I.
Georgian Med News; (283): 1118-123, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | Dez 2018 | ID: mdl-30516506
Resumo: The purpose of the above work is to study the trends of mothers' health condition according to the implementation of antenatal monitoring of primary healthcare programs in 1996 - 2016 in Georgia. The methodology basis of the research is the qualitative investigation, so called Desk Research: collecting statistical data, description, systematization, comparison, analyses and interpretation. Data about mothers' health indicators were derived from National Center for Disease Control and Social Health and National Service of Georgian Statistics. Dynamic of the following indicators were studied: Number of births at home and the share of births at medical institution received by the qualified medical personnel, percentage of pregnant women's timely application, covering 4 antenatal visits, full time pregnancy, timely births, physiologic and pathologic births, Caesarean sections (planned, urgent); Number and indicator of mother's deaths. In order to study the law basis, the Statements of Georgian Government, normative acts of Labour, Health and Social Security of Georgia have been used for studying. In 1996 - 2016, as the result of Healthcare reforms, implemented in Georgia up to now, several parameters of antenatal monitoring were improved. The share of timely application and covering full, 4 antenatal visits increased; Share of births, received by qualified medical personnel increased; Number of mothers' mortality significantly decreased, but it is much higher when compared with the developed countries. Following the improvement in monitoring parameters and financial and geographical availability of antenatal care services, the unfavorable outcome of the pregnancy was revealed: the percentage of pathologic births increased, share of physiologic births decreased. The share of Caesarean sections is increasing and critically high. The share of early deliveries and incomplete period pregnancies increased. The above mentioned conditions indicate that there are systemic problems in the primary healthcare: In the preconception and then antenatal period, the quality of medical service does not meet the international standard. Assessment of pregnancy and fetal risks, prevention and management are inadequate.