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Breastfeeding self efficacy among pregnant women in Saudi Arabia.

Khresheh, Reham M; Ahmad, Nagwa M.
Saudi Med J; 39(11): 1116-1122, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Nov 2018 | ID: mdl-30397711
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy among Saudi pregnant women and type of feeding at 4 weeks post partum, and also to examine the association of maternal socio-demographic variables with the breastfeeding self-efficacy levels of Saudi pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional design has been applied in the study by recruiting 101 pregnant women from the General Hospital, Umluj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy scale was used to measure self-efficacy for breastfeeding during pregnancy. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient were used for statistical purposes. A p-value ≤0.05 was considered significant. Results: The average breastfeeding self-efficacy score was 70±11.9. No significant relationship was existed between breastfeeding self-efficacy and the maternal sociodemographic variables. A significant relationship was found between type of feeding at 4 weeks postpartum and prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy (r=0.061, p less than 0.05). Women who exclusively breastfeed their babies had high scores on prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy scale than those who mixed feed or bottle feed their infants. Conclusion: Levels of prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy among Saudi pregnant women were high and can be predictive of breastfeeding exclusivity at 4 weeks postpartum. The prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy could be used to measure whether the woman could organize and execute the causes of action needed to perform breastfeeding behavior.