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The Role of the Nurse Scientist as a Knowledge Broker.

Thompson, Marcella Remer; Schwartz Barcott, Donna.
J Nurs Scholarsh; 51(1): 26-39, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | 2019 | ID: mdl-30354032
Resumo: PURPOSE: This article introduces the importance and nature of the role of the nurse scientist as a knowledge broker. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was completed using a modified version of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) appraisal tool to trace the emergence and characteristics of the knowledge broker role across disciplines internationally and in the United States. METHODS: Salient publications were identified using PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Sociological Abstracts, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, as well as hand searches and searches of the grey literature. Authors used these resources to define the knowledge broker role and with their role-related experiences developed the Thompson Knowledge Brokering Model. FINDINGS: A knowledge broker is one who connects science and society by building networks and facilitating opportunities among knowledge producers and knowledge users. The knowledge broker role includes three components: forming and sustaining partnerships; facilitating knowledge application; and creating new knowledge. There are five major strategies central to each role component: establish, engage, educate, empower, and evaluate. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge broker role has been increasingly recognized worldwide as key to translating science into practice and policy. The nurse scientist is ideally suited for this role and should be promoted worldwide. The Thompson Knowledge Brokering Model can be used as a guide for nurse scientists. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The role of the knowledge broker is to facilitate translation of useful research to practice and policy by connecting stakeholders through meaningful engagement.