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Need for recognizing atypical manifestations of childhood sporadic acute viral hepatitis warranting differences in management.

Singh, Sumit Kumar; Borkar, Vibhor; Srivastava, Anshu; Mathias, Amrita; Yachha, Surender Kumar; Poddar, Ujjal.
Eur J Pediatr; 178(1): 61-67, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | 2019 | ID: mdl-30269249
Resumo: Various atypical manifestations have been described in acute viral hepatitis (AVH). We evaluated the prevalence, clinical features, response to treatment and outcome of various atypical manifestations of AVH in children. Consecutive children (≤ 18 years) with AVH due to hepatitis A, B, or E were studied while patients with acute or acute on chronic liver failure were excluded. Diagnosis of atypical manifestations was based on standard criteria. A total of 477 children with AVH (median age 7.0 (5-11) years, 74% boys) were seen; 22% (n = 106) had atypical manifestations. Prolonged cholestasis was the most common (11%), followed by ascites (7%), intravascular hemolysis (3%), relapsing hepatitis (2%), acute pancreatitis (1.3%), and thrombocytopenia (0.7%). Atypical manifestations were more common in HAV as compared to HBV (30% vs. 3%, p = 0.00) and HEV (30% vs. 15%, p = 0.07). Prolonged cholestasis was significantly more common in older children (20% in > 10 years vs. 9% in 6-10 years ; p = 0.009 and 5% in 0-5 years of age [p < 0.000]). Ascites was more common in younger children, although not significant. All patients recovered with supportive treatment.Conclusions: Twenty-two percent of children with AVH have atypical manifestations, more often with HAV infection, and prolonged cholestasis is most common. Recognition of these manifestations ensures correct diagnosis and treatment. What is Known: • Acute viral hepatitis is a major public health problem in developing countries. • There is limited information about atypical manifestations which may lead to unnecessary investigations, delayed diagnosis and morbidity. What is New: • Atypical manifestations are common in children, seen most often with HAV infection, and prolonged cholestasis is most common. • Prompt recognition of these manifestations helps in early diagnosis, appropriate management, and preventing unnecessary investigations. • Ensure follow-up until complete recovery and not to miss underlying chronic liver disease.