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A Multi-Level Fit-Based Quality Improvement Initiative to Improve Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Managed Care Population.

Yu, Christine; Skootsky, Samuel; Grossman, Mark; Garner, Omai B; Betlachin, Anna; Esrailian, Eric; Hommes, Daniel W; May, Folasade P.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol; 9(8): 177, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Set 2018 | ID: mdl-30177700
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common but largely preventable disease with suboptimal screening rates despite national guidelines to screen individuals age 50-75. Single-component interventions aimed to improve screening uptake only modestly improve rates; data suggest that multi-modal approaches may be more effective. METHODS: We designed, implemented, and evaluated the impact of a multi-modal intervention on CRC screening uptake among unscreened patients in a large managed care population. Patient-level components included a mailed letter with education about screening options and pre-colonoscopy telephone counseling. For providers, we facilitated communication of screening test results and work-flow for abnormal results. System-level modifications included establishment of a patient navigator, expedited work-up for abnormal results, and stream-lined colonoscopy scheduling. We measured the rate of screening uptake overall, screening uptake by modality, change in the proportion of the population screened, and positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) follow-up rates in the 1-year study period. RESULTS: There were 5093 patients in the intervention cohort. Of these, 33.2% participated in FIT or colonoscopy screening within 1 year of the mailing. A total of 1078 (21.2%) participants completed a FIT and 611 (12.0%) completed a screening colonoscopy. The screening rate in the managed care population increased from 65.1 to 76.6%. Fifty-nine patients (5.5%) had a positive FIT, of which 30 (50.8%) completed a diagnostic colonoscopy. CONCLUSION: Multi-modal interventions can result in substantial improvement in CRC screening uptake in large and diverse managed care populations. TRANSLATIONAL IMPACT: Health systems should shift their focus from single-level to multi-level interventions when addressing barriers to CRC screening.