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Der Wert des Lebensendes: am Beispiel der Finanzierung der stationären spezialisierten Palliative Care in der Schweiz. / [Give the due value to the end of life: the systematic underfunding of specialised palliative care in the Swiss DRG system].

Gudat, Heike.
Ther Umsch; 75(2): 127-134, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | Jul 2018 | ID: mdl-30022721
Resumo: Give the due value to the end of life: the systematic underfunding of specialised palliative care in the Swiss DRG system Abstract. Palliative care is an integral part of modern medicine, improving quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and reducing the costs of care in severe disease. Patients' access should be early, regardless of age, diagnosis and setting, when incurable or advanced disease has been diagnosed. The public expenditure for specialised palliative care units in hospitals can be seen as yardstick for an appropriate palliative care supply, but in Switzerland only a mere fraction of revenues is dedicated to the palliative care units. Every year, 66'000 patients die in Switzerland, 38 % of them in a hospital. Health care costs for the last year of life account for 1.9 billion Swiss francs, but palliative care units receive only estimated 51 million Swiss francs per year. Reasons are a too little number of palliative care units, a systemic underfunding of their services and a fragmentary supply chain for severely ill or dying patients. This leads to ethically conflicting situations for clinicians. They have to deal with shortage of supply and, due to economic reasons, are forced to transfer severely ill or dying patients into inadequate settings. Based on international recommendations, Switzerland is in need of further 500 beds for specialised palliative care (actually 335), and at least 11'000 patients per year need access to a specialised palliative care service (actually about 3'500). Under the actual tariffing system, units for palliative care in hospitals are endangered in their existence. Corrections of the remuneration system are urgently warranted. On the long run, a national legal basis should be elaborated to safeguard adequate palliative care supply for all patients in need and as a base for monitoring, formation and research in palliative care.