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Brucellosis in Dogs and Public Health Risk.

Hensel, Martha E; Negron, Maria; Arenas-Gamboa, Angela M.
Emerg Infect Dis; 24(8): 1401-1406, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jul 2018 | ID: mdl-30014831
Resumo: Brucella canis infects dogs and humans. In dogs, it can cause reproductive failure; in humans, it can cause fever, chills, malaise, peripheral lymphadenomegaly, and splenomegaly. B. canis infection in dogs is underrecognized. After evaluating serologic data, transmission patterns, and regulations in the context of brucellosis in dogs as an underrecognized zoonosis, we concluded that brucellosis in dogs remains endemic to many parts of the world and will probably remain a threat to human health and animal welfare unless stronger intervention measures are implemented. A first step for limiting disease spread would be implementation of mandatory testing of dogs before interstate or international movement.