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Prevalence of non A to E hepatitis in Mumbai, India. / Prevalence of non A to E hepatitis in Mumbai, India.

Nagral, Nishtha; Joshi, Vrunda; Baria, Karan; Parikh, Pathik; Nagral, Aabha; Shastri, Jayanthi; Pawar, Chandrakant.
Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 38(1): 49-53, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Maio 2018 | ID: mdl-29791422
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Acute viral hepatitis is a common problem in India. World wide data shows that 5 to 20 percent of this is caused by non A-E hepatitis. There is no data in India regarding non A-E hepatitis. We carried out this study to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical features, risk factors and outcome of non A-E hepatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this single centre study, we evaluated all patients admitted with features of acute viral hepatitis at our hospital between the period of February to July 2015. A detailed history about the epidemiology, risk factors and clinical features was done. Patients were evaluated with bilirubin, transaminases and prothrombin time. Each patient was investigated for IgM HAV, IgM HEV, HBsAg and Antibody against hepatitis C. Patients turning out negative were investigated for presence of autoimmune hepatitis or Wilson's disease. All viral markers were repeated a week later to confirm non A-E status. RESULTS: A total 265 patients were included of which 41 (15.4%) patients were non A-E hepatitis. They had higher age (28.55 vs 34.99, p<0.05) but similar gender and sub urban location. Median SEC classification was A2 in hepatitis A/E group as compared to A3 in non A-E group. The duration of symptoms and clinical features between the two groups were similar with Anorexia, Malasie, Nausea/vomiting being most common. The risk factors between the two groups were similar. The bilirubin and transaminases were non significantly lower than hepatitis A/E patients while albumin levels were significantly lower. The outcomes of both groups were similar with no mortality or fulminant hepatitis. CONCLUSION: Non A-E hepatitis patients tends to be older, lower SEC class and had lower albumin levels as compared to hepatitis A/E.