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Recent Advances and Future Opportunities to Address Challenges in Offloading Diabetic Feet: A Mini-Review.

Crews, Ryan T; King, Abagayle L; Yalla, Sai V; Rosenblatt, Noah J.
Gerontology; 64(4): 309-317, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Fev 2018 | ID: mdl-29402807
Resumo: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are a substantial dilemma for geriatric individuals with diabetes. The breakdown in tissue associated with DFU is typically a result of repetitive cycles of physical stress placed on the feet during weight-bearing activity. Accordingly, a key tenet in healing as well as preventing DFU is the use of offloading footwear to redistribute physical stress away from high stress locations such as bony prominences. Over the last several years there has been a substantial amount of effort directed at better understanding and implementing the practice of offloading. A review of this work as well as relevant technological advances is presented in this paper. Specifically, we will discuss the following topics in association with offloading diabetic feet: achieving optimal offloading, dosing activity/physical stress, thermal monitoring to detect preulcerative tissue damage, adherence with offloading devices, and optimizing the user experience. In addition to presenting progress to date, potential directions for further advancement are discussed.