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Approaches to Vaccination Among Populations in Areas of Conflict.

Nnadi, Chimeremma; Etsano, Andrew; Uba, Belinda; Ohuabunwo, Chima; Melton, Musa; Wa Nganda, Gatei; Esapa, Lisa; Bolu, Omotayo; Mahoney, Frank; Vertefeuille, John; Wiesen, Eric; Durry, Elias.
J Infect Dis; 216(suppl_1): S368-S372, 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Ago 2017 | ID: mdl-28838202
Resumo: Vaccination is an important and cost-effective disease prevention and control strategy. Despite progress in vaccine development and immunization delivery systems worldwide, populations in areas of conflict (hereafter, "conflict settings") often have limited or no access to lifesaving vaccines, leaving them at increased risk for morbidity and mortality related to vaccine-preventable disease. Without developing and refining approaches to reach and vaccinate children and other vulnerable populations in conflict settings, outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease in these settings may persist and spread across subnational and international borders. Understanding and refining current approaches to vaccinating populations in conflict and humanitarian emergency settings may save lives. Despite major setbacks, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative has made substantial progress in vaccinating millions of children worldwide, including those living in communities affected by conflicts and other humanitarian emergencies. In this article, we examine key strategic and operational tactics that have led to increased polio vaccination coverage among populations living in diverse conflict settings, including Nigeria, Somalia, and Pakistan, and how these could be applied to reach and vaccinate populations in other settings across the world.