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Initiating an undiagnosed diseases program in the Western Australian public health system.

Baynam, Gareth; Broley, Stephanie; Bauskis, Alicia; Pachter, Nicholas; McKenzie, Fiona; Townshend, Sharron; Slee, Jennie; Kiraly-Borri, Cathy; Vasudevan, Anand; Hawkins, Anne; Schofield, Lyn; Helmholz, Petra; Palmer, Richard; Kung, Stefanie; Walker, Caroline E; Molster, Caron; Lewis, Barry; Mina, Kym; Beilby, John; Pathak, Gargi; Poulton, Cathryn; Groza, Tudor; Zankl, Andreas; Roscioli, Tony; Dinger, Marcel E; Mattick, John S; Gahl, William; Groft, Stephen; Tifft, Cynthia; Taruscio, Domenica; Lasko, Paul; Kosaki, Kenjiro; Wilhelm, Helene; Melegh, Bela; Carapetis, Jonathan; Jana, Sayanta; Chaney, Gervase; Johns, Allison; Owen, Peter Wynn; Daly, Frank; Weeramanthri, Tarun; Dawkins, Hugh; Goldblatt, Jack.
Orphanet J Rare Dis; 12(1): 83, 2017 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Maio 2017 | ID: mdl-28468665
Resumo: BACKGROUND: New approaches are required to address the needs of complex undiagnosed diseases patients. These approaches include clinical genomic diagnostic pipelines, utilizing intra- and multi-disciplinary platforms, as well as specialty-specific genomic clinics. Both are advancing diagnostic rates. However, complementary cross-disciplinary approaches are also critical to address those patients with multisystem disorders who traverse the bounds of multiple specialties and remain undiagnosed despite existing intra-specialty and genomic-focused approaches. The diagnostic possibilities of undiagnosed diseases include genetic and non-genetic conditions. The focus on genetic diseases addresses some of these disorders, however a cross-disciplinary approach is needed that also simultaneously addresses other disorder types. Herein, we describe the initiation and summary outcomes of a public health system approach for complex undiagnosed patients - the Undiagnosed Diseases Program-Western Australia (UDP-WA). RESULTS: Briefly the UDP-WA is: i) one of a complementary suite of approaches that is being delivered within health service, and with community engagement, to address the needs of those with severe undiagnosed diseases; ii) delivered within a public health system to support equitable access to health care, including for those from remote and regional areas; iii) providing diagnoses and improved patient care; iv) delivering a platform for in-service and real time genomic and phenomic education for clinicians that traverses a diverse range of specialties; v) retaining and recapturing clinical expertise; vi) supporting the education of junior and more senior medical staff; vii) designed to integrate with clinical translational research; and viii) is supporting greater connectedness for patients, families and medical staff. CONCLUSION: The UDP-WA has been initiated in the public health system to complement existing clinical genomic approaches; it has been targeted to those with a specific diagnostic need, and initiated by redirecting existing clinical and financial resources. The UDP-WA supports the provision of equitable and sustainable diagnostics and simultaneously supports capacity building in clinical care and translational research, for those with undiagnosed, typically rare, conditions.