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[How to Increase the Effectiveness of Antihypertensive Therapy in Clinical Practice: Results of the Russian Observational Program FORSAZH].

Glezer, M G; Deev, A D.
Kardiologiia; 56(1): 18-24, 2016 01.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | 2016 | ID: mdl-28294726
Resumo: im of the study - to evaluate the possibility of increasing the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy by simplifying regimens, improving knowledge and practical skills of the doctors on the use of modern tactical approaches to treatment as well as patients education methods of measuring blood pressure (BP), the principles of a healthy lifestyle and explain the need to follow the prescribing physician. RESULTS: Post-marketing observational discovery program FORSAZH held in 29 cities of the Russian Federation. Participation in the program received 442 physician (internists and general practitioners), which included 1969 patients with prior failure of combination antihypertensive therapy. Patients in 86% of cases took the free combination, 14% - fixed combinations of drugs. The change of the treatment on reception of a preparation containing a fixed combination of perindopril/indapamide (10 mg/2.5 mg) after 3 months led to decrease in systolic blood pressure by an average of 39.5 mm Hg, diastolic - 18.7 per mm Hg. The frequency of achieving the target BP <140 mm Hg and 90 it was 76%. Marked reduction in BP and frequency to achieve the target BP is not dependent on additional training of physicians and patients, the use of prior therapy in free or fixed combination, but depended on the initial degree of increase in BP and duration of therapy. Predictors of failure to achieve target BP were age, male gender, low initial adherence, good health, a higher baseline BP, elevated cholesterol levels, body weight, heart rate and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Adherence to therapy patients (on a scale of Morisky-Green) and health assessment on a visual analog scale significantly increased. This tactic has been a change of therapy is not only effective but also safe. Adverse events were reported in 28 patients (1.4% of the total number of observed cases) and only 1 case required dose reduction due to development of clinically manifested hypotension. CONCLUSION: In enhancing the effectiveness of the treatment of patients with hypertension was decisive simplification of drug therapy through the use of a fixed combination of perindopril A/indapamide.