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Nurses' hospital orientation and future research challenges: an integrative review.

Peltokoski, J; Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K; Miettinen, M.
Int Nurs Rev; 63(1): 92-103, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jan 2016 | ID: mdl-26781216
Resumo: AIM: This study aimed to describe the research on registered nurses' orientation processes in specialized hospital settings in order to illustrate directions for future research. BACKGROUND: The complex healthcare environment and the impact of nursing shortage and turnover make the hospital orientation process imperative. There is a growing recognition regarding research interests to meet the needs for evidence-based, effective and economically sound hospital orientation strategies. METHODS: An integrative literature review was performed on publications from the period 2000 to 2013 included in the CINAHL and PubMed databases. English-language studies were included. Themes guiding the analysis were definition of the hospital orientation process, research topics, data collection and instruments and research evidence. Narrative synthesis was used. RESULTS: Eleven papers met the inclusion criteria. The conceptualization of orientation process reflected the complexity of the phenomenon. Less attention has been paid to designs to establish correlations or relationships between selected variables and hospital orientation process. The outcomes of hospital orientation programmes were limited primarily to retention and job satisfaction. The research evidence therefore cannot be evaluated as strong. CONCLUSION: The lack of an evidence-based approach makes it difficult to develop a comprehensive orientation process. Further research should explore interventions that will enhance the quality of hospital orientation practices to improve nurses' retention and job satisfaction. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND HEALTH POLICY: To provide a comprehensive hospital orientation process, hospital administrators have to put in place human resource development strategies along with practice implications and research efforts. Comprehensive hospital orientation benefits and outcomes should be visible to policy makers.