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Implementing large-scale programmes to optimise the health workforce in low- and middle-income settings: a multicountry case study synthesis.

Gopinathan, Unni; Lewin, Simon; Glenton, Claire.
Trop Med Int Health; 19(12): 1437-56, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Set 2014 | ID: mdl-25255908
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: To identify factors affecting the implementation of large-scale programmes to optimise the health workforce in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We conducted a multicountry case study synthesis. Eligible programmes were identified through consultation with experts and using Internet searches. Programmes were selected purposively to match the inclusion criteria. Programme documents were gathered via Google Scholar and PubMed and from key informants. The SURE Framework - a comprehensive list of factors that may influence the implementation of health system interventions - was used to organise the data. Thematic analysis was used to identify the key issues that emerged from the case studies. RESULTS: Programmes from Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Malawi, Venezuela and Zimbabwe were selected. Key system-level factors affecting the implementation of the programmes were related to health worker training and continuing education, management and programme support structures, the organisation and delivery of services, community participation, and the sociopolitical environment. CONCLUSIONS: Existing weaknesses in health systems may undermine the implementation of large-scale programmes to optimise the health workforce. Changes in the roles and responsibilities of cadres may also, in turn, impact the health system throughout.