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Calcineurin inhibitor sparing with mycophenolate mofetil in liver transplantion: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Goralczyk, A D; Bari, N; Abu-Ajaj, W; Lorf, T; Ramadori, G; Friede, T; Obed, A.
Am J Transplant; 12(10): 2601-7, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jul 2012 | ID: mdl-22813081
Resumo: Liver transplant recipients are at high risk of developing acute and chronic renal failure. Moreover, introduction of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score for primary allocation of liver grafts favors patients with pretransplant kidney dysfunction, which in turn have a higher risk of posttransplant renal failure. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) further increase the risk of renal failure and therefore sparing CNI with the use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may improve renal function. MMF may either be used de novo in the immediate posttransplant period in combination with low-dose CNI (scenario 1) or patients that receive immunosuppression based on CNI may be converted to MMF in combination with minimization or elimination of CNI (scenario 2). Although many retrospective cohort studies and nonrandomized trials have implicated efficacy of this approach the evidence from randomized controlled studies has not been summarized. In the current review we report the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.