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Agreement between colposcopic impression and histological diagnosis among human papillomavirus type 16-positive women: a clinical trial using dynamic spectral imaging colposcopy.

Zaal, A; Louwers, J A; Berkhof, J; Kocken, M; Ter Harmsel, W A; Graziosi, G C M; Spruijt, J W M; Balas, C; Papagiannakis, E; Snijders, P J F; Meijer, C J L M; van Kemenade, F J; Verheijen, R H M.
BJOG; 119(5): 537-44, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Fev 2012 | ID: mdl-22304443
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement between conventional colposcopic impression, dynamic spectral imaging (DSI) colposcopy and histology, for human papillomavirus type 16-positive (HPV16(+)) and non-16 high-risk (hr) HPV(+) women. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative, multicentre clinical trial. SETTING: Three colposcopy clinics in the Netherlands. POPULATION: Women (n = 177) aged 18 years or over with an intact cervix, referred for colposcopy. METHODS: The colposcopist graded the lesion by using the DSI colposcope as a regular video colposcope. Subsequently the DSI impression was displayed and biopsies were taken from all abnormal areas as well as from a random (normal) site. A cervical smear was taken for HPV typing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Histologically confirmed high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer (CIN2(+)), positive for HPV16 or for any other hrHPV type. RESULTS: The DSI colposcope identified more CIN2(+) cervical lesions among HPV16(+) women than in non-16 hrHPV(+) women (P = 0.032 regardless of final histology and P = 0.009 among women with CIN2(+)). Consequently, the sensitivity of the DSI colposcope for detecting CIN2(+) lesions was higher in HPV16(+) women than in non-16 hrHPV(+) women (97% versus 74%, P = 0.009). No such differences were seen for the colposcopist impression. In addition, mainly smaller cervical lesions are missed by the colposcopist. CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of DSI colposcopy for CIN2(+) is higher in HPV16(+) than in non-16 hrHPV(+) women. Furthermore, regardless of HPV16 status, the sensitivity of DSI for CIN2(+) is higher than that of the colposcopist, probably because colposcopists tend to miss smaller cervical lesions.