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Lesões de pele em recém-nascidos no ambiente hospitalar: tipo, tamanho e área afetada. / [Skin lesions in newborns in the hospital setting: type, size and affected area].

Fontenele, Fernanda Cavalcante; Cardoso, Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão.
Rev Esc Enferm USP; 45(1): 130-7, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | Mar 2011 | ID: mdl-21445499
Resumo: UNLABELLED: Skin lesions can occur in newborns (NBs) at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The objective of this study was to identify skin lesions in newborns hospitalized at a NICU, considering the type, affected area and size. This prospective, descriptive, quantitative study was performed from March to May 2007 at a public institution in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. The sample consisted of 137 newborns, 36 (26%) of which had lesions. RESULTS: hematomas (24; 46%), erythemas (9; 18%), excoriations (6; 12%), ecchymoses (5; 10%), pustules (3; 6%) and others (4; 8%). Regarding the affected area: 40% were <1 cm². As for the size: 68% measured between 1 and 2 cm. Geographic form (38%) and localized distribution (92%) prevailed. As to the affected region, the distribution was: limbs (27; 52%), trunk (12; 24%), head (8; 16%) and others (4;8%). In conclusion, the most common skin lesions are hematomas and the limbs are the most affected area.