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Rivaroxaban. A novel, oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor in clinical development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders.

Perzborn, E; Kubitza, D; Misselwitz, F.
Hamostaseologie; 27(4): 282-9, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Out 2007 | ID: mdl-17938768
Resumo: Rivaroxaban (Xarelto) is a novel, oral, direct Factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor in late-stage development for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Rivaroxaban inhibits clot-associated and free FXa activity, and prothrombinase activity, and reduces thrombin generation. In animal models, rivaroxaban prevented venous and arterial thrombosis, and was effective at treating venous thrombosis. Rivaroxaban has high oral bioavailability, a rapid onset of action and predictable pharmacokinetics. In phase II studies, rivaroxaban was effective and well tolerated for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after major orthopaedic surgery, and for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis. In a phase III study, rivaroxaban demonstrated significantly superior efficacy to enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis after total knee arthroplasty, with similar low bleeding. Rivaroxaban is also being assessed for the treatment and secondary prevention of VTE, prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and secondary prevention in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Rivaroxaban is a promising alternative to current pharmacological agents for thromboembolic disorders.