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Condilomatosis genital en embarazadas, experiencia del manejo y tratamiento en la Maternidad Mariana de Jesús / Genital condylomatosis in pregnants, experienceof handling and treatment in Maternity Mariana de Jesus

Morey, Gabriel; Zapata, Lezly; Zapata, Lezly; Gavilanes, Angely.
INSPILIP; 2(2): 1-13, jul.-dic. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | Dez 2018 | ID: biblio-981892
Resumo: Introducción: La condilomatosisgenital o verruga genital es una de las manifestaciones clínicas más común de infección del virus del papiloma humano (VPH), predominantemente causadas por los genotipos VPH-6 y -11. Durante el embarazo, el incremento en los niveles de las hormonas esteroides modifica el sistema inmune de la madre contribuyendo a la "tolerancia" del feto, pero disminuye la capacidad de eliminar infecciones, incluido el VPH. El presente estudio plantea determinar el comportamiento de la condilomatosis genital en gestantes atendidas en la Maternidad Mariana de Jesús desde 2016 a 2017. Materiales y métodos: Es un estudio longitudinal, observacional, retrospectivo, en 84 gestantes que fueron atendidas entre el 1 de enero de 2016 al 30 de septiembre de 2017. Resultados: En las 84 gestantes analizadas se pudo observar quela mayoría de las pacientes con condilomas tiene de 20 a 25 años de edad; su primera relación sexual fue entre los 17 a 19 años; existiendo mayor número de gestantes multíparas, y que han tenido más de 2 parejassexuales.
Introduction: Genital condylomatosisor genital wart is one of the most common clinical manifestations of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, predominantly caused by HPV-6 and -11 genotypes. During pregnancy, increased levels of steroid hormones modify the mother's immune system contributing to the "tolerance" of the fetus, but decrease the ability to eliminate infections, including HPV. The present study proposes to determine the behavior of genital condilomatosis in pregnant women attended in the Mariana de Jesus Maternity from 2016 to 2017. Materials and Methods: It is a longitudinal, observational, retrospective study in 84 pregnant women who were attended between January 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017. Results: In the 84 pregnant women analyzed it was possible to observe that the majority of patients with condylomas are between 20 and 25 years of age; her first sexual relationship was between 17 and 19 years old; There is a greater number of multiparous pregnant women, and they have had more than 2 sexual partners. The condylomas were presented individually, preferably being accumulated, predominantly in the second trimester of pregnancy. Conclusion: Although the greatest effort of studies is carried out in high-risk HPV, it is important to carry out studies that show the reality of the condylomas caused by low-risk HPV, mainly focusing on avoiding maternal-neonatal transmission.
Biblioteca responsável: EC107