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Photoexcitation-controlled self-recoverable molecular aggregation for flicker phosphorescence.

Jia, Xiaoyong; Shao, Cancan; Bai, Xin; Zhou, Qiaohui; Wu, Bin; Wang, Linjun; Yue, Bingbing; Zhu, Haiming; Zhu, Liangliang.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 116(11): 4816-4821, 2019 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796185
Chemical systems with external control capability and self-recoverability are promising since they can avoid additional chemical or energy imposition during the working process. However, it remains challenging to employ such a nonequilibrium method for the engineering of optoelectronic function and for visualization. Here, we report a functional molecule that can undergo intense conformational regulation upon photoexcitation. It enables a dynamical change in hydrophobicity and a follow-up molecular aggregation in aqueous media, accordingly leading to an aggregation-induced phosphorescence (AIP) behavior. This successive performance is self-recoverable, allowing a rapid (second-scale cycle) and long-standing (>103 cycles) flicker ability under rhythmical control of the AIP. Compared with traditional bidirectional manipulations, such monodirectional photocontrol with spontaneous reset profoundly enhances the operability while mostly avoiding possible side reactions and fatigue accumulation. Furthermore, this material can serve as a type of luminescent probe for dynamically strengthening visualization in bioimaging.
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