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Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome and rituximab: may we predict circulating B lymphocytes recovery?

Delbet, Jean Daniel; Leclerc, Gael; Ulinski, Tim.
Pediatr Nephrol; 34(3): 529-532, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542932

BACKGROUND:

Rituximab (RTX) has been shown to be an efficient treatment for steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS). A long B cell depletion period seems to improve the duration of remission. This study reports the duration of B cell depletion after each RTX infusion in patients with nephrotic syndrome.

METHODS:

We retrospectively report the data of 22 patients with a diagnosis of a SDNS or steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and a treatment with RTX in a single center. B cell depletion duration was compared to the first B cell depletion duration and to the previous B cell depletion duration in each patient.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two patients (5 girls) were included. Seventy-six periods of B cell depletions were compared to the first B cell depletion duration and to the preceding B cell depletion duration in the same patient. Total duration of B cell depletion was 26 (6-66) months. Individual post-RTX infusion B cell depletion duration was 5.1 (1.6-14) months. Median B cell depletion duration following the first RTX cure for children who had received 1 to 2 infusions at first cure was not statistically different of those who had received 3 to 4 infusions (p = 0.18). Comparing the B cell depletion induced by previous RTX courses and the following B cell depletion, 89.5% of patients had a similar duration within an open interval from 2 months.

CONCLUSION:

Once the individual time interval until B cell recovery is determined, monitoring could be individualized by targeting the expected date of B cell recovery or by performing pre-emptive RTX injections.
Selo DaSilva