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A glucuronoxylomannan-like glycan produced by Trichosporon mucoides.

Zimbres, Ana Claudia G; Albuquerque, Priscila C; Joffe, Luna S; Souza, Taiane N; Nimrichter, Leonardo; Frazão, Stefânia O; Albuquerque, Patricia; Fonseca, Fernanda L; Rodrigues, Marcio L.
Fungal Genet Biol; 121: 46-55, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268928
Trichosporon asahii shares with Cryptococcus species the ability to produce glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), an immunomodulatory fungal polysaccharide. The ability of other opportunistic species of Trichosporon to produce GXM-like polysaccharides is unknown. In this study, we observed that T. mucoides was less pathogenic than T. asahii in an infection model of Galleria mellonella and asked whether this difference was related to the characteristics of GXM-like molecules. Compositional analysis of samples obtained from both pathogens indicated that the components of GXM (mannose, xylose and glucuronic acid) were, in fact, detected in T. mucoides and T. asahii glycans. The identification of the T. mucoides glycan as a GXM-like molecule was confirmed by its reactivity with a monoclonal antibody raised to cryptococcal GXM and incorporation of the glycan into the cell surface of an acapsular mutant of C. neoformans. T. mucoides and T. asahii glycans differed in molecular dimensions. The antibody to cryptococcal GXM recognized T. mucoides yeast forms less efficiently than T. asahii cells. Experiments with animal cells revealed that the T. mucoides glycan manifested antiphagocytic properties. Comparative phagocytosis assays revealed that T. mucoides and T. asahii were similarly recognized by macrophages. However, fungal association with the phagocytes did not depend on the typical receptors of cryptococcal GXM, as concluded from assays using macrophages obtained from Tlr2-/- and Cd14-/- knockout mice. These results add T. mucoides to the list of fungal pathogens producing GXM-like glycans, but also indicate a high functional diversity of this major fungal immunogen.
Selo DaSilva