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A integralidade das práticas dos médicos cubanos no Programa Mais Médicos na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. / A integralidade das práticas dos médicos cubanos no Programa Mais Médicos na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. / Comprehensiveness of practices by Cuban physicians in the More Doctors Program in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Franco, Cassiano Mendes; Almeida, Patty Fidelis de; Giovanella, Lígia.
Cad Saude Publica; 34(9): e00102917, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208173
The shortage of physicians in remote and underprivileged areas poses an obstacle to universal access and quality of health care. Through the More Doctors Program (PMM), as of 2015, 18 thousand physicians had been incorporated into Brazil's Unified National Health System (SUS) to work in basic care, 79% of whom were Cubans. This article analyzed the comprehensiveness of practices by Cuban physicians in the PMM using a qualitative study in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, based on interviews with Cuban physicians (24) and a focus group with supervisors of the PMM (4). Comprehensiveness was analyzed in two dimensions: the community-oriented biopsychosocial approach to care and the range of activities in health promotion, prevention, and care. The work by Cuban physicians presents elements that are consistent with the comprehensiveness of practices in primary care, providing a wide range of care and services, in keeping with the health problems' complexity and the plurality of settings. These health workers show outstanding capacity for community interaction, a preventive focus, planning of activities, and positive interpersonal team relations. The study identified attitudes and techniques of solidarity, physician-patient bonding, and community accountability. Challenges were identified in the promotion of participatory practices with communities, the expansion of users' autonomy in clinical decisions, management of psychological problems, systematization of approach tools, and performance of invasive procedures. The study furnishes strong evidence that the PMM, in addition to medical consultations, provides comprehensive health care and contributes to strengthening basic care in Brazil.
Selo DaSilva