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GPCR-G Protein-ß-Arrestin Super-Complex Mediates Sustained G Protein Signaling.

Thomsen, Alex R B; Plouffe, Bianca; Cahill, Thomas J; Shukla, Arun K; Tarrasch, Jeffrey T; Dosey, Annie M; Kahsai, Alem W; Strachan, Ryan T; Pani, Biswaranjan; Mahoney, Jacob P; Huang, Liyin; Breton, Billy; Heydenreich, Franziska M; Sunahara, Roger K; Skiniotis, Georgios; Bouvier, Michel; Lefkowitz, Robert J.
Cell; 166(4): 907-919, 2016 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27499021
Classically, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) stimulation promotes G protein signaling at the plasma membrane, followed by rapid ß-arrestin-mediated desensitization and receptor internalization into endosomes. However, it has been demonstrated that some GPCRs activate G proteins from within internalized cellular compartments, resulting in sustained signaling. We have used a variety of biochemical, biophysical, and cell-based methods to demonstrate the existence, functionality, and architecture of internalized receptor complexes composed of a single GPCR, ß-arrestin, and G protein. These super-complexes or "megaplexes" more readily form at receptors that interact strongly with ß-arrestins via a C-terminal tail containing clusters of serine/threonine phosphorylation sites. Single-particle electron microscopy analysis of negative-stained purified megaplexes reveals that a single receptor simultaneously binds through its core region with G protein and through its phosphorylated C-terminal tail with ß-arrestin. The formation of such megaplexes provides a potential physical basis for the newly appreciated sustained G protein signaling from internalized GPCRs.
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