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The effects of the phencyclidine analogs BTCP and TCP on nigrostriatal dopamine neuronal activity.

Rouillard, C; Chiodo, L A; Freeman, A S.
Eur J Pharmacol; 182(2): 227-35, 1990 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2397741
Extracellular single unit recording techniques were used to evaluate the effects of two phencyclidine (PCP) derivatives. N-[1-(2-benzo(b)thiophenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine (BTCP) and N-[1-(2-thiophenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine (TCP) on the electrophysiological activity of antidromically identified nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons in chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats. I.v. BTCP produced a dose-dependent decrease in the firing rate of identified nigrostriatal DA neurons whereas TCP elicited a dose-dependent biphasic effect which was characterized by an activation of cell firing at low doses followed by a reversal of the response with larger doses. A hemitransection of the brain anterior to the substantia nigra significantly reduced the inhibitory effect of BTCP while this surgical procedure did not affect the response to TCP. However, iontophoretic application of BTCP induced a current-dependent inhibition of the spontaneous activity of cells while local application of TCP had no effect on the firing rate of these cells. These data indicate that PCP analogs are able to interact with the nigrostriatal DAergic pathway through distinct and opposing mechanisms. The results are discussed in light of recent observations that BTCP is selective for the DA uptake site while TCP is selective for the high affinity PCP binding site.
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