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Chromosomal gains measured in cytology samples from women with abnormal cervical cancer screening results.

Luhn, Patricia; Houldsworth, Jane; Cahill, Lynnette; Schiffman, Mark; Castle, Philip E; Zuna, Rosemary E; Dunn, S Terence; Gold, Michael A; Walker, Joan; Wentzensen, Nicolas.
Gynecol Oncol; 130(3): 595-600, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23769811

OBJECTIVE:

Chromosomal gains at 3q26, 5p15 and 20q13 have been described in cervical precancer and cancer. We evaluated a novel fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay that detects gains at these three loci simultaneously as a possible biomarker for detecting cervical precancer.

METHODS:

Chromosomal copy numbers at 3q26, 5p15, 20q13 and the centromere of chromosome7 (cen7) in liquid-based cytology specimens from 168 women enrolled in the Biopsy Study were determined by FISH. The number of cells with ≥ 3 or ≥ 4 signals for a genomic locus was enumerated and diagnostic test performance measures were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. Sensitivity and specificity values were determined for the detection of CIN2+ and/or HSIL.

RESULTS:

The median number of cells with ≥ 3 signals increased with the severity of cervical lesion for each genomic locus (p-trend<0.02 for each locus). ROC analysis for the number of cells with ≥ 3 signals resulted in area under the curve values of 0.70 (95% CI: 0.54-0.86), 0.67 (0.52-0.83), 0.67 (0.51-0.83) and 0.78 (0.64-0.92) for 3q26, 5p15, 20q13 and cen7, respectively, for the detection of CIN2+ and/or HSIL. Positivity for gains at multiple loci resulted in only slightly better test performance measures than those for the individual probes for four distinct combinations of probes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Chromosomal gains at 3q26, 5p15, 20q13 and cen7 are associated with severity of cervical lesions. Further studies are required to quantify risk stratification of FISH assays for cervical cancer screening.
Selo DaSilva