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A mechanism for nerve cell excitation by norepinephrine via α-1 adrenoceptors: inhibition of potassium M-current.

Filippov, Alexander K; Brown, David A.
Cell Mol Neurobiol; 33(1): 1-4, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22872321
Some of the excitatory effects of norepinephrine on central neurons are mediated by alpha-1 (α1) adrenoceptors. These receptors are coupled to the Gq family of G proteins, and hence stimulate hydrolysis of the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate. Other receptors of this type can excite neurons by inhibiting the subthreshold voltage-gated potassium M-current. We tested this possibility using rat sympathetic neurons transformed to express α1a receptors. The α1 agonist phenylephrine strongly inhibited the M-current recorded under voltage-clamp by 72 ± 11 % (n = 4) and in an unclamped neuron dramatically increased the number of action potentials produced by a 2 s depolarizing current step from 2 to 40, without effect on control neurons devoid of α1 receptors. We suggest that this might be a potential cause of the increased excitability produced by norepinephrine in some central neurons.
Selo DaSilva