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The role of keratinized mucosa in peri-implant health.

Esper, Luis Augusto; Ferreira, Samuel Barros; Kaizer, Rosane de Oliveira Fortes; de Almeida, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J; 49(2): 167-70, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21417779

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the role of keratinized mucosa around dental implants, correlating with other clinical parameters related to the success of dental implants.

DESIGN:

Cross-section.SETTING: Institutional tertiary referral hospital.PATIENTS: A total of 202 dental implants fixed in the cleft area of 109 patients with cleft lip and/or palate were evaluated.Interventions: The evaluated clinical parameters were probing depth and gingival and plaque indexes on the buccal surface (three sites).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

All clinical parameters were correlated with the width of keratinized mucosa around the implants.

RESULTS:

The largest probing depths were detected when the width of keratinized mucosa was 2 mm or more, with a statistically significant difference between the means of the probing depth and keratinized mucosa width.

CONCLUSION:

Even though the present results suggest that peri-implant health can be observed in areas with keratinized mucosa width under 2 mm provided an adequate oral hygiene control is performed, longitudinal randomized studies are necessary to analyze the relationship between the width of keratinized mucosa and the health of peri-implant tissues.
Selo DaSilva