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Different powered toothbrushes for plaque control and gingival health.

Deacon, Scott A; Glenny, Anne-Marie; Deery, Chris; Robinson, Peter G; Heanue, Mike; Walmsley, A Damien; Shaw, William C.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev; (12): CD004971, 2010 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21154357

BACKGROUND:

Powered brushes were first introduced commercially in the 1960s. A recent systematic review suggested the superiority of certain modes of powered over manual toothbrushing for plaque and gingivitis reduction. That review did not allow for direct comparison between different modes of powered toothbrush.

OBJECTIVES:

To compare different modes of powered toothbrushing against each other for plaque reduction and the health of the gingivae. Other factors to be assessed were calculus and stain removal, cost, dependability and adverse effects.SEARCH STRATEGY: The following databases were searched: Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (to 26 July 2010); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 3); MEDLINE via OVID (1950 to 26 July 2010); EMBASE via OVID (1980 to 26 July 2010); CINAHL via EBSCO (1982 to 26 July 2010). There were no language restrictions.SELECTION CRITERIA: Trials were considered for inclusion with the following criteria: random allocation of participants; no compromised manual dexterity; unsupervised powered toothbrushing for at least 4 weeks. The primary outcomes were the plaque and gingivitis scores after powered toothbrush use during trial period.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Data extraction was performed independently and in duplicate. The authors of trials were contacted to provide missing data where possible. The effect measure for each meta-analysis was the standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using the random-effects model. Potential sources of heterogeneity were assessed.

MAIN RESULTS:

The review included data from 15 trials with 1015 participants. Due to the dearth of trials assessing the same mode of action, no definitive conclusions can be stated regarding the superiority of one mode of powered toothbrush over any other. Only minor and transient side effects were reported. Cost, dependability were not reported. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Further trials of good quality are required to establish if any mode of action has superiority over the other modes of action for powered toothbrushes.
Selo DaSilva