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Clinical Use of Dopamine Modulators as Third-Generation Antipsychotic Agents.

Limandri, Barbara J.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv; 57(2): 7-11, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Fev 2019 | ID: mdl-30703220
Resumo: When dopamine was identified as a primary target for schizophrenia, the dopamine antagonists, now referred to as first-generation antipsychotics, were added to our pharmacopeia. In the 1990s, with the discovery of risperidone and clozapine, the mechanism of dopamine receptor antagonism was paired with serotonin receptor antagonism to give rise to second-generation antipsychotics. A decade later these mechanisms were further refined to selective dopamine receptors antagonism and serotonin receptors antagonism and agonism to create a modulation or stabilization of dopamine nerve firing in differential ways. This new wave may be referred to as the third generation. The current article reviews the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of these dopamine modulators. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 57(2), 7-11.].