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A Social Ecological Approach to Develop a Nutrition Education Program for Preventing Iron Deficiency Anemia in Young Children in Rural Pakistan.

Iqbal, Kausar; Hutchinson, Carol; Tanasugarn, Chanuantong.
Ecol Food Nutr; 57(6): 473-488, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Nov 2018 | ID: mdl-30451532
Resumo: Inappropriate feeding practices puts infants and young children at risk of iron deficiency anemia. Maternal complementary feeding (CF) behavior is determined by influences at various levels, including knowledge and attitude about feeding, inter-personal interaction with family/friends, community norms and support. The aim of this study is to understand the various influences on maternal CF behavior in order to develop a culturally appropriate nutrition education program to improve iron status of children aged 9-24 months. Using a social ecological approach, in-depth interviews with stakeholders revealed restraining factors that prevented behavior change. Culturally appropriate nutrition education messages were developed to address these constraints.