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Emotional and behavioral problems in children of depressed mothers: a school-based study in Southern Brazil.

Reyes, Amanda Neumann; de Lima Bach, Suelen; do Amaral, Paulinia Leal; Jansen, Karen; Molina, Mariane Ricardo Acosta Lopez; Spessato, Bárbara Coiro; da Silva, Ricardo Azevedo.
Psychol Health Med; 24(1): 14-20, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | 2019 | ID: mdl-30070926
Resumo: The present study aimed to verify the association between maternal depression and emotional and behavioral problems in school children in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, considering that maternal depression increases children's vulnerability for developing psychiatric disorders. This is a cross-sectional study with a school-based sample conducted between August 2015 and November 2016 and it is part of a major project entitled 'Healthy Childhood in Context: A Multidisciplinary Investigation'. Schoolchildren aged between 7 and 8 years and one of their respective parents or a primary caregiver were included in the study. Maternal depression was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The presence of emotional and behavioral problems in children was verified by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) - parents version. Children of depressed mothers exhibited higher mean scores in all SDQ domains and in the total score when compared to children of non-depressed mothers. Lower socio-economic status was also associated with higher SDQ scores. Our results showed the effects of both maternal depression and poverty on children emotional and behavioral problems, which evidence the need for child mental health preventive care, and free quality assistance for both mothers and their children.