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Reducing pediatric caries and obesity risk in South Asian immigrants: randomized controlled trial of common health/risk factor approach.

Karasz, Alison; Bonuck, Karen.
BMC Public Health; 18(1): 680, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jun 2018 | ID: mdl-29855352
Resumo: BACKGROUND: This paper describes the design and methods of a multi-phase study to reduce early childhood caries and obesity in vulnerable South Asian (SA) immigrants in the United States. Early childhood caries and obesity are the most common diseases of early childhood. Risk factors for both diseases are rooted in early childhood feeding practices such as bottle feeding and intake of sweets and sweetened beverages. The Common Health/Risk Factor Approach to addressing oral health is widely promoted by the W METHODS: This two part project includes a randomized controlled trial, and a Knowledge Translation campaign. A randomized controlled trial will enroll n =  360 families from pediatric practices serving South Asians in the New York metro area. The intervention group will receive home visits by SA community health workers at 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 months of age. Controls will receive culturally tailored educational material. Primary outcomes-- cariogenic and obesogenic feeding practices at 6, 12, and 18  DISCUSSION: There are few Common Health/Risk Factor Approach published studies on obesity and oral health risk in children, despite health morbidity and costs associated with both conditions. CHALO! comprises a multi-level interventions designed to promote culturally competent, sustainable change. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03077425 .