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Value-Based Payments and Incentives to Improve Care: A Case Study of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Medicare Advantage.

Sussell, Jesse; Bognar, Kata; Schwartz, Taylor T; Shafrin, Jason; Sheehan, John J; Aubry, Wade; Scanlon, Dennis.
Value Health; 20(8): 1216-1220, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Out 2017 | ID: mdl-28964455
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of increased glycated hemoglobin (A1C) monitoring and treatment intensification for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on quality measures and reimbursement within the Medicare Advantage Star (MA Star) program. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the share of patients with T2D with adequate A1C control (A1C ≤ 9%). We conducted a simulation of how increased A1C monitoring and treatment intensification affected this end point using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and clinical trials. Using the estimated changes in measured A levels, we calculated corresponding changes in the plan-level A quality measure, overall star rating, and reimbursement. RESULTS: At baseline, 24.4% of patients with T2D in the average plan had poor A1C control. The share of plans receiving the highest A1C rating increased from 27% at baseline to 49.5% (increased monitoring), 36.2% (intensification), and 57.1% (joint implementation of both interventions). However, overall star ratings increased for only 3.6%, 1.3%, and 4.8% of plans, respectively, by intervention. Projected per-member per-year rebate increases under the MA Star program were $7.71 (monitoring), $2.66 (intensification), and $10.55 (joint implementation). CONCLUSIONS: The simulation showed that increased monitoring and treatment intensification would improve A1C levels; however, the resulting average increases in reimbursement would be small.