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Implementation of a perioperative surgical home protocol for pediatric patients presenting for adenoidectomy.

Raman, Vidya T; Tumin, Dmitry; Uffman, Joshua; Thung, Arlyne K; Burrier, Candice; Jatana, Kris R; Elmaraghy, Charles; Tobias, Joseph D.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 101: 215-222, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Out 2017 | ID: mdl-28964298
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: The perioperative surgical home (PSH) is a patient-centered model designed to improve health, streamline the delivery of health care, and reduce the cost of care. Following the national introduction of PSH in 2014 by the ASA, adult hospitals have reported success with this model, with studies validating the benefits of PSH including reducing length of stay, lowering costs, and improving patient satisfaction. METHODS: Eligible patients, ranging in age from 16-35 months of age, were identified by the pre-admission testing (PAT) registered nurses (RNs) and faculty anesthesiologists upon review of the patient history. Participation in Pediatric PSH (PPSH) was introduced to the families by the pediatric otolaryngologists. Either the patient's family or physician team could elect to decline participation in the PPSH model. On the day of surgery, the PPSH protocol included a paper checklist to ensure that all patients met eligibility standards. A standardized order-set was implemented in the electronic medical record (EMR) for pre-operative and post-operative nursing instructions and eligible medications. Patients received at least 3 hours of postoperative monitoring prior to discharge home to address postoperative issues. Prior to discharge, caregivers watched a standard teaching video, available on YouTube, which was developed in conjunction with the hospital educational and technical support staff. An attending anesthesiologist made a postoperative followup phone call on the evening of surgery to ensure no untoward events were experienced by the patient as well as elicit caregiver feedback concerning the discharge process. The protocol was discontinued if at any time family members, physicians, or nurses were uncomfortable with completing the protocol or felt that the patient did not meet discharge criteria. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-six patients were evaluated for PPSH inclusion. Forty patients were excluded (23 did not meet inclusion criteria, 5 had viral upper respiratory infections, and 10 for other non specified reasons such as tonsillectomy added, sibling with surgery, and incorrect documentation). Therefore, a total of 126 were eligible for PPSH (male/female = 69/57; age 22 ± 4 months). The comparison group included 1,029 children (male/female = 645/384; age 22 ± 7 months of age) undergoing adenoidectomy who were not evaluated for PPSH inclusion. Of the 126 PPSH participants included in the analysis, 27 were excluded at some point during the pathway. Nine cases experienced oxygen desaturation, laryngospasm, or required supplemental oxygen. Noncompliance with the protocol was noted in 5 cases, parental concerns were noted in 17 cases, and there were concerns from the pediatric anesthesiologist or otolaryngologist in 5 cases. In the comparison group, hospital length of stay was significantly longer than in the PSH group (p<0.001), with 524 (51%) patients discharged on the day of service compared to 99 (79%) in the PSH group. No major morbidity or mortality occurred. There was no difference between the two groups in return to the emergency department (ED) visits within 30 days (PSH: 7/126, 6%; control: 59/1,029, 6%; p=0.935). Within 14 days of the procedure, 4 PPSH patients visited urgent care or a primary care physician; 4 visited the ED; and 1 was readmitted to the hospital. Twenty families contacted the otorhinolaryngology triage phone line primarily related to pain and fever. CONCLUSION: We present our experience and success in developing a PPSH for patients, ranging in age from 16 to 35 months of age, undergoing adenoidectomy either alone or with tympanostomy tube insertion by protocolizing care, collaborating among care providers, and educating families. With this process in place, a significant percentage of these patients who were previously admitted were discharged home the same day of surgery.