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Improved detection of Zika virus RNA in human and animal specimens by a novel, highly sensitive and specific real-time RT-PCR assay targeting the 5'-untranslated region of Zika virus.

Chan, Jasper Fuk-Woo; Yip, Cyril Chik-Yan; Tee, Kah-Meng; Zhu, Zheng; Tsang, Jessica Oi-Ling; Chik, Kenn Ka-Heng; Tsang, Terance Gi-Wai; Chan, Chris Chung-Sing; Poon, Vincent Kwok-Man; Sridhar, Siddharth; Yin, Feifei; Hung, Ivan Fan-Ngai; Chau, Sandy Ka-Yee; Zhang, Anna Jinxia; Chan, Kwok-Hung; Yuen, Kwok-Yung.
Trop Med Int Health; 22(5): 594-603, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Fev 2017 | ID: mdl-28214373
Resumo: OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: We developed and evaluated five novel real-time RT-PCR assays targeting conserved regions in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR), envelope (E'), non-structural protein 2A (NS2A), NS5 and 3'-UTR of the ZIKV genome. RESULTS: The ZIKV-5'-UTR assay exhibited the lowest in vitro limit of detection (5-10 RNA copies/reaction and 3.0 × 10 plaque-forming units/ml). Compared to the modified version of a widely adopted RT-PCR assay targeting the ZIKV-E gene, the ZIKV-5'-UTR assay showed better sensitivity in human clinical specimens, and representative mouse specimens, including many organs which are known to be involved in human ZIKV infection but difficult to obtain in clinical settings. The ZIKV-5'-UTR assay detected ZIKV RNA in 84/84 (100.0%) ZIKV-E'-positive and an additional 30/296 (10.1%, P < 0.01) ZIKV-E'-negative mouse specimens. The higher sensitivity of the ZIKV-5'-UTR assay was most significant in kidney and testis/epididymis specimens (P < 0.01). No in vitro or in vivo cross-reactivity was found between the ZIKV-5'-UTR assay and dengue virus, yellow fever virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, hepatitis C virus and Chikungunya virus. CONCLUSIONS: The highly sensitive and specific ZIKV-5'-UTR assay may help to improve the laboratory diagnosis of ZIKV infection.