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Atenção Primária à Saúde

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Capital social de las mujeres mayores usuarias de la red pública de la Atención Primaria de Salud. / [Application of a social capital scale in older women attending public primary care clinics].

Arcos, Estela; Sánchez, Ximena; Bailey, Christine; González, Luis; Vollrath, Antonia; Muñoz, Luz Angélica.
Rev Med Chil; 144(8): 972-979, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | Dez 2016 | ID: mdl-27905642
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Social capital is an economical idea that refers to connections between individuals and entities that can be economically valuable. AIM: To establish the relationship of social capital as a health care asset, with sociodemographic variables of older women attending public health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chen’s Personal Social Capital scale was applied to 113 women aged between 64 and 80 years during 2014. Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was calculated. RESULTS: The Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was 0.86. The average score for social capital was 23.9 points of a maximum of 50. Bridging capital scores had the higher disparity, specifically in participation in community organizations and the representation of their interest in them. Bonding capital decreased along with a higher age of interviewed women (r = -0,43, p < 0,01). Higher territorial roots were associated with a lower perception of social community resource availability (r = -0,42, p < 0,01). CONCLUSIONS: The social capital scores in these women were low. Their better support networks were close relationships and relatives. The sensation of solitude increased with age.