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Antibiotic use in rural China: a cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitudes and self-reported practices among caregivers in Shandong province.

Ding, Lilu; Sun, Qiang; Sun, Weishuai; Du, Yihui; Li, Yue; Bian, Xuefeng; He, Guiqin; Bai, Huidong; Dyar, Oliver J.
BMC Infect Dis; 15: 576, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Dez 2015 | ID: mdl-26689294
Resumo: BACKGROUND: To improve antibiotic use globally, we must deepen our understanding of the public's knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) concerning antibiotics. Children are frequent users of antibiotics, and their caregivers play important roles in determining how antibiotics are used. The purpose of this study was to describe caregivers' KAP in a rural province in eastern China, and to identify socio-demographic factors associated with inappropriate antibiotic use. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based survey was conducted in 12 villages in one county in Shandong Province. A total of 727 individuals who were the primary day-to-day caregiver for a child aged 0-7 years were randomly selected and invited to participate. All caregivers were surveyed face-to-face using a semi-structured questionnaire focusing on the use of antibiotics in children. RESULTS: Almost all invited caregivers (99.3 %) completed the questionnaire in full. Caregivers expressed high levels of over-expectation for antibiotics for common childhood symptoms, stating that antibiotics were always or usually necessary when a child has a fever (46 %) or dry cough (42 %). Most caregivers (93 %) were aware that they should follow the doctor's advice when giving their children antibiotics. Many, however, reported that they had previously deviated from advice; this was most commonly through using antibiotics intermittently rather than regularly, but also by increasing and decreasing doses. Caregivers that were older and that had less formal education had higher levels of self-reported adherence (p < 0.01). A third of caregivers admitted to storing leftover antibiotics at home, and almost all of these caregivers (97 %) had used the antibiotics on a second occasion for their child. CONCLUSION: We have identified important gaps in knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning antibiotics among this rural population of caregivers. There is a clear need for multifaceted interventions that target village doctors, to improve prescribing and communication, as well as the general public, to improve health-seeking behaviours and promote responsible individual use of antibiotics.