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Neumonía nosocomial. / [Nosocomial pneumonia].

Díaz, Emili; Martín-Loeches, Ignacio; Vallés, Jordi.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin; 31(10): 692-8, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | Jul 2013 | ID: mdl-23827827
Resumo: The hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) is one of the most common infections acquired among hospitalised patients. Within the HAP, the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection complication among patients with acute respiratory failure. The VAP and HAP are associated with increased mortality and increased hospital costs. The rise in HAP due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria also causes an increase in the incidence of inappropriate empirical antibiotic therapy, with an associated increased risk of hospital mortality. It is very important to know the most common organisms responsible for these infections in each hospital and each Intensive Care Unit, as well as their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, in order to reduce the incidence of inappropriate antibiotic therapy and improve the prognosis of patients. Additionally, clinical strategies aimed at the prevention of HAP and VAP should be employed in hospital settings caring for patients at risk for these infections.