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Atenção Primária à Saúde

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A community-based intervention to reduce antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections in regional South Australia.

Dollman, William B; LeBlanc, Vanessa T; Stevens, Lynette; O'Connor, Peter J; Turnidge, John D.
Med J Aust; 182(12): 617-20, 2005 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | Jun 2005 | ID: mdl-15963017
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based and GP-based intervention in reducing unnecessary antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) including sore throats, sinusitis and otitis media. DESIGN: Analysis of pharmacy dispensing data in June to October before (2000) and after (2001) the intervention, which commenced on 25 June 2001. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Local consumers, health professionals, the Adelaide Southern Division of General Practice, the South Australian Government, and the local media in a rural region of South Australia, covering about 2000 square kilometres, with a population of over 20 000. INTERVENTION: Community dissemination of consumer information on antibiotic use for URTIs (including a local media campaign) and education of health professionals (including sessions with general practitioners at the four practices in the study area) on current Australian therapeutic guidelines for antibiotics, and a validated clinical scoring system for decision making in managing sore throat. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total dispensing data from local pharmacies for the months of June to October in 2000 and 2001, covering the six antibiotics considered most likely to be used for URTIs (amoxycillin, amoxycillin/clavulanic acid, cefaclor, doxycycline, erythromycin and roxithromycin). RESULTS: The dispensing of the six antibiotics reduced by 32% overall, from 77.1 to 52.9 defined daily doses per 1000 population per day, with statistically significant reductions in the range of 31%-70% for individual antibiotics; there was no reduction for amoxycillin with or without clavulanic acid. CONCLUSION: The intervention was associated with reduced dispensing of unnecessary antibiotics for URTIs.